A sarcoma is a type of cancer that begins in tissues like bone or muscle. Bone and soft tissue sarcomas are the primary types of sarcoma. Soft tissue sarcoma is a broad term for cancers that start in soft tissues (muscle, tendons, fat, lymph and blood vessels, and nerves). These cancers can develop anywhere in the body but are found mostly in the arms, legs, chest, and abdomen. Types of soft tissue sarcoma tumors include gastrointestinal stromal tumors, Kaposi sarcoma, childhood rhabdomyosarcoma, childhood soft tissue sarcoma, and childhood vascular tumors. Signs and symptoms vary for each type. Around half of soft tissue sarcomas start in an arm or leg. Signs can include a new or growing lump, abdominal pain, and blood in stool or vomit.

Who treats sarcoma tumors?

Orthopedic surgeons, thoracic surgeons, surgical oncologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and physiatrists

Treatment options:

  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy

To learn more about sarcoma tumors, click here.

Source: National Cancer Institute

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