Cancers that are known collectively as head and neck cancers usually begin in the squamous cells that line the moist, mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck (for example, inside the mouth, the nose, and the throat). Types of head and neck cancer include hypopharynx, larynx, lip and oral cavity, neck cancer with occult primary, nasopharynx, oropharynx, paranasal sinus and nasal cavity, and salivary gland. Alcohol and tobacco use are the two most important risk factors for head and neck cancers, especially cancers of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx. Signs and symptoms of head and neck cancers, as well as additional risk factors, vary based on the affected region.
Who treat head and neck cancers?
Medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, surgical oncologists, otolaryngologists, oncologic dentists, and oral oncologists, and maxillofacial prosthodontists
- Radiation therapy
- Systemic therapy
- Targeted therapy
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Source: National Cancer Institute